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IEC/TR 62834-2013 pdf free

IEC/TR 62834-2013 pdf free.IEC nanoelectronics standardization roadmap.
2.2 Classification of nanotechnology
2.2.1 General
The nanotechnology industry can be largely divided into nanomaterials, nanoscale devices,
nano-biotechnology. the nanofabrication process, equipment and measurement areas.
2.2.2 Nanomaterials
These are materials that control, combine, and mix materials at the nanoscale to remarkably improve physical properties and to create new physical properties and functions. They apply to mechanics, energy, environment and IT-related systems.
2.2.3 Nanoscale devices
These are devices that can perform special functions using unique characteristics of nanoscale materials.
2.2.4 Nano-biotechnology
This is an area of science and technology operating, analysing and controlling a system combining biosystems with nanomaterials and/or nanoscale devices.
2.2.5 Nanofabrlcation process — Equipment — Measurement
This is manufacturing technology of nanoscale processes (under 100 nm) that form nanoscale parts and devices, as well as equipment technology and performance measuring of nanomaterials, devices, subsystems and systems.
3 Current status and prospects
3.1 Related markets
Currently, zero-dimensional nanopowders, Ti02 nanopowders for photocatalyst and a ntibacterial silver nanoparticles are widely commercially available materials. The market size of Ti02 nanopowders for photocatalyst is 10 million US dollars (2005) worldwide.
The tool market is the largest area of application and the market of nanostructure thin film materials internationally. Although it is difficult to forecast the status of world tool markets, the world market of diamond cutting tools is estimated to be about 13 billion US dollars based on information from 1999.
The largest part of the market of mass production equipment is in nanostructure thin film materials, as well as tools, moulds and various mechanic parts. At present, equipment companies operating worlwdie (e.g. Kobe. Cemecon, Balzers, Huazer2) have developed their equipment and handled materials, processes and patents collectively.
The market of nanocomposite materials is led by polymer matrix nanocomposites, with a
world market size of about 5 billion — 7 billion US dollars in 2009. The market of ceramic
nanocomposite materials was about 2.5 billion US dollars after 2010.
The market has shown a consistent growth trend due to continuous growth in several ten gigabyte (GB) high capacity flash memory and DRAM components. Given the vague overlapping area of existing semiconductor and nanotechnology markets, it is important to analyse characteristics, to standardize the modelling and design methodology and to obtain circuit IP based on nanoelectronic devices to address the nanotechnology market.
Ill-V compound semiconductors including nitride-based nanostructures will be used for light- emitting diodes (LEDs), and their scope of application continues to expand, including portable appliances, LCD (liquid chrystal display) backlight, automobile lighting.
The most active area is the LED market, and many players are striving to launch into the general lighting market. The LED lighting Industry is expected to replace almost all lighting areas such as traffic signals, construction and automobiles as well as LCD backlighting and general lighting. In addition, development and commercialization of quantum dot light receiving devices and infrared devices are expected to bring about a revolution in the area of image sensors. Solar energy is an area that has seen double-digit growth rates due to worldwide energy issues.
The flexible electronic device market is expected to grow rapidly from 16 million US dollars seen in 2008 to 1,314 million US dollars in 2013. The market is expected to be led by small and medium applications focusing on new mobile phones.
Since the world market of ITO (indium tin oxide) transparent electrode thin films for 2006 was 592 million US dollars, and that of touch panel, EL (electroluminescent) backlight and transparent conductivity films for 2006 was 90 million US dollars. the percentage share of transparent conductive electrode films was about 0,96% of flat panel display industry revenues in 2006.
The market for flexible transparent electrodes is expected to grow up to 1,929 million US dollars in 2015 for the display market, and it is expected that it may be applied to electrode materials for RFID (radio-frequency identification) and for solar cells.
3.2 Technology development directions for nanomaterials
3.2.1 General
Improving efficiency is important when developing a photocatalyst by doping of various metal oxides, high density coating films and by controlling particle size in the case of zerodimensional nanomaterials.IEC/TR 62834 pdf download.

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