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ISO/IEC 13660-2001 pdf free

ISO/IEC 13660-2001 pdf free.Information technology – Office equipment – Measurement of image quality attributes for hardcopy output – Binary monochrome text and graphic images.
ISO/IEC 13660 specifies device-independent image quality attributes, measurement methods, and analytical procedures to describe the quality of output images trom hardcopy devices. This International Standard is applicable to human-readable documents composed of binary monochrome images produced from impact printers, non-impact printers, and copiers.
The attnbutes, methods, and procedures rely on intrinsic properties of the image. Targets or reference images are not required. The International Standard is not applicable to images on media other than hardcopy (e.g. images on a VDT) or to images that are intended to be machine readable only (e.g. bar codes).
This International Standard is not intended to apply to pictorial art. It is optimized for black coiourant forming the image on a white substrate; it is not intended to be used for dropped out or reversed type or for transparencies. The evaluation of an image with any other colour of colourant or substrate will be sensitive to changes In illumination. In this case, the procedures of this International Standard may not be applicable and should be used with caution.
2 Normative references
The foNowing normative documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this International Standard, For dated references, subsequent amendments to, or revisions of, any of these publications do not apply. However, parties to agreements based on this International Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the normative documents indicated below. For undated references, the latest edition of the normative document referred to applies. Members of ISO and IEC maintain registers of currently valid International Standards.
ISO 5-1:1984, Photography — Density measurements — Part 1: Terms, symbols and notations
ISO 5-3:1995, Photography — Density measurements — Part 3: Spectral conditions
1S05-4:1995, Photography — Density measurements — Part 4: Geometric conditions for reflection density
CIE 15.2:1986, Calorimetry
TAPPI T480 om-92, Specular gloss of paper and paperboard at 75 degrees
TAPP1 T452 om-92, Brightness of pulp, paper, arid paperboard (directional rellectar,ce at 457 nm)
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this International Standard, the following terms and definitions apply. The image quality attributes themselves are defined in Clause 5.
binary— any system based on exactly two possible values, such as 0/1 or black/white. binary Image— an image with only two fundamental tones the substrate and the colourant.
boundary— the region of an edge within which the reflectance factor makes the transition from 10% to 90% of the difference between image and substrate reflectance factors. See also threshoki contoui
character Image— a specific physicai representation of a character glyph.
colourant— the material used to make an image visible. In copying and electronic printing, the two main colourants are dye and pigment.
density, optical— log 10, where A is the reflectance factor, measured according with 0/45-degree geometry. Illuminant A, and ISO visual density calibration.
dIstortion— undesired change in the shape of an image.
edge threshold— the points in the gradients of an edge that define the location of the edge. This is the threshold contour corresponding to A50 for the ROl. See also thresho’d contour.
gradient, edge— the relative reflectance value gradient along a line normal to the edge of an image segment. hardcopy— a document on a substrate.
human-readable-— designed to be interpreted by a standard human viewer. image element— a single, evidently intentional, object not connected to other objects. image segment— a collection of image elements that are treated as a unit.
Inner boundary edge— the point in the gradient of an edge that is at 90% of the transition from the substrate reflectance factor to the image reflectance factor: R91.., = R,—90%(R — line width— width of the line measured normal to the line from edge threshold to edge threshold.
monochrome image— an image in one colour or shades of one hue.ISO/IEC 13660 pdf download.

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